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Destination: Thailand. An essential travel guide.

WHY TO VISIT THAILAND

The legendary friendliness of its people and its amazing cultural identity make Thailand a truly exotic destination.

Bangkok will surprise you in every way with its hustle and bustle: Buddhist temples and palaces, massage parlours, Chinese and Indian neighbourhoods, floating markets, parks and canals, will punctuate your walks with thousand of colours and smells that you will not forget.

Ko Samui, a touristic island, will seduce you with its beaches and Marine Park and it makes a relaxing stopover on your discovery of the country.

Chiang Mai is the cultural capital with its three hundred odd temples of various styles, but it also has a National Museum and handicrafts market. Enjoy your stay with a visit to a Thai boxing match, and do not miss a mountain hike that will give you the opportunity to get in contact with local ethnic minorities.

Phuket and its beautiful coastline will offer you idyllic beaches, but also hidden wonders inland: Waterfalls, hiking trails, wildlife, pearl culture farms and the amazing Phuket Fantasia Park with its avant-garde technologies at the service of Thai tradition.

Ko Chang or Elephant Island is a gem of unspoiled nature, which combines a lush flora, land fauna and marine wildlife and beautiful beaches.

Source: http://www.thebesttimetovisit.com/

WHAT TO SEE IN THAILAND

Top destinations in Thailand are:

  • Bangkok
  • Chiang Mai
  • Kanchanaburi
  • Ayuthaya
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Railay
  • Phanom Rung
  • Pai
  • Chiang Rai

WHEN TO GO TO THAILAND

Best period to visit Thailand is from November to March.

The country has an equatorial climate in the extreme south, while the central and northern areas have, in turn, a tropical monsoon climate. The north is hilly and even mountainous in places, but most of the country is situated at low altitude.

The majority of Thailand suffers from heavy downpours, mainly from May to October. During the monsoon, the winds of the Indian Ocean bring warm moist air and a lot of cloudy weather.

From November to April there is the dry season. This is the period of the northeast monsoon and the wind blows from China. At the centre and south of the country, there is little climate variation, but it is generally colder in the northeast.

The hottest months are April and May. Sunlight is less between June and September as it only shines between 4 to 5 hours a day. The rest of the year, it shines 9 to 10 hours daily.

The wet season is quite oppressive in the majority of the country because of the combination between hot and moist weather. 

A tropical climate clearly dominates the country: The rainy season lasts from June to October, but this does not prevent beautiful sunny periods, but with occasional storms and increased rainfall in the north. The dry season is between November and May with high temperatures from March. The south is colder between April and June. So you can best enjoy a visit between November and March before the hot weather, avoiding the major tourist areas which are quite numerous.

Following a list of typical festival and celebrations of Thailand.

HOW TO REACH AND TRAVEL THROUGH THAILAND

by plane, main airports are:

by train

by car

GENERAL INFORMATION ON THAILAND

country entry requirements: passport (no visa if you stay less than 30 days, check your visa requirements)

health tips & vaccination: vaccine against typhoid, hepatitis A and B are recommended

local currency: Thai Baht

local time zone: GMT+7

electricity: type A, B, C, and F (220 V, 50 Hz)

mobile phone operators:

WHAT TO DO IN THAILAND

typical food in Thailand

  • Tom yam: A hot and sour soup prepared with kaffir lime leaves, galangal, lemongrass, chilli and lime juice, plus prawns or chicken
  • Kaeng khiao wan: Thailand’s famous green curry, based on coconut milk, fish sauce and a curry paste made from green chillies, onions, ginger and lemongrass
  • Gang pet: A hot curry with coconut milk, herbs, garlic, chilli, shrimp paste, coriander and seasoning
  • Som tam: Pounded green papaya salad with green beans, dried shrimp, and peanuts in a lime juice, chilli and palm sugar dressing
  • Pad Thai: Stir-fried rice noodles, served with shrimp or chicken and garnished with peanuts
  • Satay: A Malay-inspired dish, made from grilled chicken served with a peanut, shallot and palm sugar dip
  • Kaeng phanaeng: A mild coconut curry with a curry paste including roasted spices and beef chicken or pork
  • Geng Kheaw Wan Gai: mild spicy green curry made from green peppers, coconut milk, Thai eggplant and vegetables
  • Massaman Currycoconut milk, potatoes, roasted peanuts, bay leaves, sugar, cinnamon, and tamarind sauce
  • Pad Kaphrao: Chicken, beef, pork or prawns, fried with copious quantities of chilli, Thai basil and garlic
  • Khao soi: mix of deep-fried crispy egg noodles and boiled egg noodles, pickled mustard greens, shallots, lime, ground chillies fried in oil, and meat in a coconut milk based curry-like sauce
  • Laapminced meat seasoned with roasted rice powder, lime juice, fish sauce and fresh herb
  • Gai Med Ma Moungstir fry chicken with cashew nuts
  • Tod man pla: Thai fishcakes, flavoured with kaffir lime leaves and served with sweet chilli sauce and a cucumber relish
  • Kaeng massaman: A mild Thai curry with star anise, cinnamon, cloves, potatoes and beef or lamb, inspired by Indian and Persian cooking
  • Kha Gaicoconut milk with lemongrass, galangal (a ginger-like spice) and chicken
  • Mekhong: Thai whisky, usually served with coke and ice
  • Sam Song: Thailand's most popular rum
  • Cha yen: Thai iced tea, made with locally grown tea, sugar and milk
  • Singha: The best of Thailand's local beers
  • Chang: Cheaper than Singha and popular for just that reason
  • Coconut milk: Served straight from the shell during the harvest season

souvenirs from Thailand

  • silk
  • Thai clothing: moh hom (the typical short-sleeved shirt for men or a long-sleeved blouse for women), sador (a pair of pants that stop just above the ankles), pha zin (traditional long skirt for women) or a sarong
  • spa products and essential oils 
  • tiger balm
  • Koh Samui coconut wood objects
  • temple bells abd Tibetan meditation bowls
  • triangle pillows
  • silver objects
  • gold and handmade jewellery
  • handmade bags
  • ceramic statues, bowls and vases
  • soap carvings
  • leatherware
  • pottery and lacquerware dishes
  • rice boxes
  • silk dolls
  • snacks and spices
  • masks
  • Muay-Thai Shorts
  • wickerwork from bamboo, bulrush and rattan, Yan Lipao (southern fern-vine) woven handbags and woven hill-tribe baskets
  • artisanal houseold items
  • wooden carvings and teak objects
  • Thai sky lanterns
  • colorful Thai Loincloths, made of cotton or silk.
  • small bamboo furniture
  • hats
  • umbrellas, the structure is made of bamboo and the top from combination of mulberry paper, bamboo, and cotton, and some also use silk.

SIMPLE DICTIONARY

Hello: S̄wạs̄dī

Goodbye: Lā k̀xn

How are you?: Khuṇ pĕn xỳāngrị?

Thank you: K̄hx k̄hxbkhuṇ

What is your name?: Khuṇ chụ̄̀x xarị?

How much is it?: Rākhā thèā h̄ịr̀?

Sorry: K̄hxthos̄ʹ

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