WHY TO VISIT LITHUANIA
The capital, Vilnius, displays a particular atmosphere, marked by the influences it has undergone. You will visit its old town, extensive, instead of the cathedral, the Gediminas Hill, the university, the old Jewish ghetto, the observatory, the presidential palace. In the new city, located further west, you can not remain insensitive to the Museum of the Genocide of the Lithuanian people. About thirty kilometers west of Vilnius lies Trakai, the ancient capital, surrounded by islands and lakes, with its charming little wooden houses and a chapel and a small museum.
On the Baltic coast, the Curonian Spit delight you with its four cities bathed by the scent of pine trees nearby: Juodkrante, Pervalka, Preila and Nida totaled close to beaches and dunes, and in the surrounding woods there find elk, wild boar and deer. Only drawback: the water is not always suitable for swimming, so check in before risking it in different places.
In the south, the town of Druskininkai is famous for its mineral springs already known in the 19th century but also cause they was born sculptor Jacques Lipchitz on. In addition, one finds there today Lenin Land amusement park, whose official name is "Grutas Park of the Soviet sculptures".
Lastly, resorts lovers are sure the city of Palanga, with its beach and pine trees, botanical gardens including the rose garden alone is worth a visit, and its beautiful museum of Amber. The end of the season is celebrated in the last days of August with lavish festivities, market, carnival, concert and songs.
WHAT TO SEE IN LITHUANIA
Top destinations in Lithuania are:
- Aukštaitija National Park
- Trakai Historical National Park
- Curonian Spit National Park
WHEN TO GO TO LITHUANIA
Weather in Lithuania
Best period to visit Lithuania is from June to September.
The best time to visit Lithuania is late spring or summer, when there’s usually enough fine weather to allow you to stroll around the cities and make significant forays into the great outdoors. On the whole though, the only thing that’s predictable about the Baltic climate is the deep, dark winters – in all other seasons the weather can be changeable in the extreme.
Summers are relatively short (roughly mid-June to late August), and although you may well experience a string of hot, dry days during this period, showers and chilly nights are equally likely. Remember to pack a waterproof jacket and warm sweater alongside your T-shirts.
Temperatures cool down rapidly from mid-September onwards, although autumn can be an extraordinarily beautiful season in which to visit, with the golden brown leaves of deciduous trees contrasting with the dark-green pines.
The first snowfalls can come as early as mid-November, and by early to mid-December winter sets in with a vengeance. Average daytime temperatures can remain below zero right through until March, plummeting to minus 15–20°C in particularly cold spells. Winter can of course be a magical time, with lakes, rivers and large expanses of the Baltic Sea freezing over, and crunchy snow cover adding an air of enchantment to medieval city centres. However, rural areas can be difficult to get to without a four-wheel-drive vehicle (only the main highways are showploughed), and you’ll have to be well togged up in order to endure anything but the shortest of walks. Wherever you are in winter, some form of hat or head covering is absolutely essential.
Even when the spring thaw sets in, the countryside can remain grey and barren until well into April (or even May in northern Estonia), when a sudden explosion of colour transforms the landscape. The countryside takes on a green lushness, drawing cattle and horses out from their winter barns, while city-dwellers indulge in a frenzied stampede for the pavement cafés.
Following a list of typical festival and celebrations of Lithuania
HOW TO REACH AND TRAVEL THROUGH LITHUANIA
by plane, main airports are:
GENERAL INFORMATION ON LITHUANIA
country entry requirements: for not EU nationals, passport + visa
health tips & vaccination: it is advisable to prefer bottled water to the tap. Universal vaccinations are recommended, as well as against tick-borne encephalitis if you are doing forest excursions.
local currency: European euro
local time zone: GMT+2 (+3)
electricity: type C and F (230 V - 50 Hz)
mobile phone operators:
WHAT TO DO IN LITHUANIA
typical food in Lithuania
- Skilandis: smoked, sesone pork meat salami.
- Balandėliai: cabbage leaves stuffed with a minced meat, rice and onion filling.
- Didžkukuliai or cepelinai: large, ovel-shaped dumplings made from grated potatoes stuffed with meat, usually served with sour cream, spirgai (cracklings) or mushrooms.
- Šaltibarščiai: cold soup made from hard-boiled eggs, cooked and shredded beets, fresh cucumbers, dill and green onions.
- Juka: blood soup from the southern region of Lithuania.
- Vedarai: baked sausages made from pig intestines stuffed with either potatoes (bulviniai vėdarai) or a filling made of pork blood, barley and other ingredients (kraujiniai vėdarai).
- Lašiniai: smoked slabs of pork underskin fat with skin, eaten as an appetizer with bread and/or onions.
- Juoda Duona: dark rye bread.
- Žemaičių blynai: pancakes filled with minced meat.
- Bulviniai blynai: potato pancakes made of shredded potatoes mixed with eggs, flour, seasonings, and onion, served with sour cream.
- Silkė: salted herring commonly served with potatoes, vegetables and bread.
- Smoked eel is a famous Baltic delicacy.
- Bulvių plokštainis: grated potato pie mixed with eggs, milk, onions and seasonings.
- Gira: fermented drink made from black rye bread.
souvenirs from Lithuania
- Amber items
- Linen clothes and household items
- Woowen and knitted items
- Wood artworks
How are you?: Kaip laikaisi?
Thank you: Ačiū
What is your name?: Koks tavo vardas?
How much is it?: Kiek tai kainuoja?