The Hill of Crosses can be called a Historical and Architectural Monument, a unique composition of folk art.
On the hill, there are hundreds of thousands of Christian crosses, raised to the sky, we do not know exactly the number of crosses present, but in 1990, were estimated 55,000 pieces, while in 2000 it reached 100,000.
The first written testimony dates back to the nineteenth century, it is believed that the first crosses were placed between 1831 and 1863, by relatives of Lithuanian victims fallen during the rebellions against the Nazi regime and the Russian authorities, becoming a place of worship. Another version says that in 1870, the Virgin Mary with the baby Jesus appeared on the hill and encourage people to put the crosses in this place.
Over the years, the number of crosses increased dramatically, so much that Soviets bulldozed the site at least three times , nevertheless the devotion of the faithful did not diminish, indeed it has strengthened, reaching the number of about 100,000 crosses in 2000. Today, the number of crosses (big and small) is estimated at 400,000.
A significant moment dates back to 1993, when Pope John Paul II visited it and celebrated mass on a small wooden altar built for the occasion. He also donated a large wooden cross. During his visit the Pope expressed the desire for someone to take care of the maintenance of the hill, which is why a Franciscan monastery was built behind it.