WHY VISIT AND WHAT TO SEE IN MACEDONIA
The capital is Skopje: you can discover the old bazaar, hammams, mosques, and a beautiful fortress, but most of its sites were destroyed during the 1963 earthquake. However, it offers many cultural and festive events and has superb museums. Ohrid is the real tourist capital, a UNESCO heritage because of its medieval architecture: built on the banks of a lake, it also offers the traveler beautiful beaches and marinas.
There are several archaeological sites in the country, it would be a shame to miss the Neolithic village Tumba Madžari, a suburb of Skopje; the painted cave of Tsotev Kamen; megalithic observatory Kokino, which is the fourth oldest in the world. Do not forget to mention the national parks, three in number, that feature the mountains of the country, their wildlife such as deer, wolves, bears and lynx, and flora, including species as the endemic Macedonian pine.
Other wealth of this country: its many lakes, traditional villages, handicrafts, monasteries in Byzantine architecture, and Ottoman mosques. Some places to explore for those looking to think outside the box: Devich from farms near the river Treska, who practice alternative tourism in a beautiful location; the top of Pelsiter, 15 km from Bitola, with its pristine landscapes, its springs, and lakes; Golemo Ezero and Kopanki mountain shelters near the lakes of the same name.
WHEN TO GO TO MACEDONIA
Weather in Macedonia
The best period to visit Macedonia is from April to September.
The climate is continental, except in the south where it is more Mediterranean. The winters are cold and summers are hot, but dry air makes them bearable temperatures, either very low (-15 ° C) or very hot (sometimes 40 ° C). In the mountains, snowfalls in abundance and summers are cooler. In the south, winters are milder.
Following a list of typical festival and celebrations of Macedonia
HOW TO REACH AND TRAVEL THROUGH MACEDONIA
To circulate in the country, trains and buses help you reach most cities and towns, even if you sometimes have to combine both means of transport to reach some remote places. The easiest way is probably to rent a car. Beware though the poorly maintained roads and bad lighting. In big cities, you will easily find taxis whose fares are very cheap.
by plane, the main airports are:
GENERAL INFORMATION ON MACEDONIA
health tips & vaccination: none
local currency: Macedonian denar
local time zone: GMT+1 (+2)
electricity: type C and type F (230 V – 50 Hz)
mobile phone operators:
WHAT TO DO IN MACEDONIA
typical food in Macedonia
- Pindžur, spicy roast pepper, and aubergine relish;
- Kifli, half-moon-shaped bread roll filled with feta cheese and topped with sesame seeds;
- Gravce tavce, chunky bean stew cooked in a skillet and flavored with spices including paprika;
- Shopska salata, a mixed salad made by combining tomato, peppers, cucumbers, onions and crumbled feta cheese;
- Kebapči, minced meat sausages typically served with flatbread, kajmak (a type of clotted cream) and onions;
- Ajvar, a relish made from roasted red bell peppers, paprika and garlic;
- Burek, a flaky pie filled with combinations of ham, cheese, spinach, and ground beef;
- Selsko meso, a thick stew of meat, potatoes, onions, tomatoes and carrots cooked in a clay pot;
- Kačamak, a porridge-like cornmeal mixture often sprinkled with feta cheese;
- Tulumbi, fried dough rolls covered in honey and nuts;
- Rakija, a potent fruit brandy made from grapes;
- Mastika, an Ouzo-style aperitif seasoned with mastic and served over ice;
souvenirs from Macedonia
- hand-painted icons
- handcrafted leather slips
- hand-embroidered cloths
- musical instruments
- wood carved figures
- jewelry ethnic accessories
- ceramic and terracotta items
- Macedonian Traditional costumes
Hello: Здраво (Zdravo)
Goodbye: до гледање (do gledanje)
How are you?: Како си? (Kako si?)
Thank you: Ти благодарам (Ti blagodaram)
What is your name?: Како се викаш? (Kako se vikaš?)
How much is it?: Колку е? (Kolku e?)
Sorry: За жал (Za žal)